Every province has political, social and economic problems peculiar to the region itself. Provincial government representatives live in proximity to the people and are most of the time from the same community, so that they are in a better position to understand these problems and offer unique solutions for them. For example, traffic congestion Lilongwe, and Water problem in Blantyre is a problem that can be best solved by the local governments, keeping local factors in mind, rather than by somebody living in Mzuzu.
Federal System offers representation to different populations. Citizens of various provinces may have different aspirations, ethnicity and follow different cultures. The central government can sometimes overlook these differences and adopt policies which cater to the majority. This is where the regional government steps in. While formulating policies, local needs, tastes and opinions are given due consideration by the state governments. Rights of the minorities are protected too. Malawi is a culture diversed grouping.
Freedom to Form Policies
State governments have the freedom to adopt policies which may not be followed nationally or by any other state. For example, We have diverse regions beliefs which can ideally affect governance policies. Some Districts are predominantly Muslims and other Adventist and so forth. It is in their jurisdiction to form policies that appeal to the people in those areas.
Optimum Utilization of Resources
Division of work between the central and the regional governments leads to optimum utilization of resources. The central government can concentrate more on international affairs and defense of the country, while the provincial government can cater for the local needs. Kayekera Projects, Boxite mining, Environmental Protection like Mulanje Mountain.
Scope for Innovation and Experimentation
Federal System has room for innovation and experimentation. Two local governments can have two different approaches to bring reforms in any area of public domain, be it taxation or education. The comparison of the results of these policies can give a clear idea of which policy is better and thus, can be adopted in the future.
Federal System no doubt has many positives vis-a-vis communism or imperialism but still, some political scientists often raise questions about its advantages.
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