Malawi needs ‘National Heroes’ Day

On Martyrs Day, on the third day of March every year, we celebrate the life of fallen Malawians who played various roles in bringing about political and social independence. These included high-profile politicians who were arrested on March 3, 1959 and locked up by the British colonial government such as Ngwazi Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda.Loose cannon

Over the years though, one individual has come out prominently as a symbol of the country’s liberation struggle against the white colonialists. His name is Reverend John Chilembwe.

John Chilembwe is not only a ‘Reverend’ who encouraged God’s flock to observe uprightness. He is a ‘revered’ son of the soil who led the famous 1915 ‘Chilembwe Uprising’, leading to his ‘untimely’ death. History has it that Reverend John Chilembwe was born in 1871. He was trained as a church minister in the United States under the auspices of the National Baptist Convention.

In 1900, an ordained Chilembwe returned to Malawi. He was a new man and very keen to show it. He soon became the vocal voice of the marginalized and oppressed Africans, from women’s rights to equality based on Christian values, from the virtues of educating the African to concerns over land tenure. When natives were forcibly sent by the British to fight the Ya Asantewa in present Ghana in 1903 and the First World War later on, Chilembwe complained loudly.

During the 1980s through to the 1990s, many Malawians never missed an opportunity on March 3 to listen to ‘John Chilembwe’ radio play on MBC. Parents and children enthusiastically sat around a transistor radio to listen to the fury of John Chilembwe and his cohorts, which led to the 1915 John Chilembwe Uprising. The play – a production of by one great son of the soil Luscius Chikuni – was extremely gripping; bringing out genuine emotions in many Malawians as they visualized the type of ‘dangerous’ struggle John Chilembwe organized and led.

When Bakili Muluzi and his UDF came to power in 1994, following multiparty general elections, John Chilembwe was designated his own day, January 15. He was no longer part of ‘Martyrs Day’.

So, on January 15, every year, Malawians celebrate ‘John Chilembwe’.

Last week, John Chilembwe Day was officially commemorated at PIM in Chiradzulu. The event lacked the usual pomp. The passion with which Malawians held John Chilembwe as a symbol of courage and sacrifice is virtually gone. What has grown up around lately is mere ‘routine’ where we celebrate the life of John Chilembwe as a matter of tradition, without the essence of reflection and pride.

For the first time in many years, the whole Head of State decided to stay away and delegated a mere minister (not Vice President or Speaker of National Assembly) to preside over such a historic event.

‘Heroes together’

That John Chilembwe may be losing his relevance in a rapidly changing environment, or not, is debatable. Many generations have since passed since we embarked on celebrating John Chilembwe. The young ones may not be adequately keen to appreciate what the ‘fuss’ this may be about.

There is, therefore, one theory that we, as a nation, may wish to advance, which is that time has come when John Chilembwe is grouped together with other national heroes, dead and alive, and be celebrated ‘together’.

You see, it is during the one party era of Kamuzu Banda that Malawians were aptly brainwashed to believe that John Chilembwe and a few selected others were the only and genuine symbol of emancipation from the colonial bondage. During Kamuzu’s time, citizens were advised to stay indoors on Martyrs Day and anyone who dared loiter around the streets aimlessly was picked by members of the secret police or the ruthless youth leaguers and Malawi Young Pioneers (MYP). You could be locked up for months on end. It was a sacred day!

The point is that the issue of John Chilembwe may have been deliberately over-trumpeted by Kamuzu and the MCP that time to downplay the role and contribution that other equally great sons and daughters of Malawi made during the pre-independence era.

Most of them were forced into exile for years because they had detected dictatorial traits in Dr. Banda immediately after independence and reprimanded him right away. This had resulted in the infamous Cabinet Crisis of 1964.

Brilliant young men and women fled the country from Kamuzu’s ruthless leadership. Many others were brutally murdered or locked up at Mikuyu, Dzaleka, Nsanje and other detention camps for years on end. Families and relationships broke up during the 30 years of Kamuzu Banda and MCP. These issues are well-documented and one doesn’t need to labour themselves to drive the point home.

However, it is worthwhile that Malawians do not deliberately ignore the role and contribution that other heroes made so that we should be where we are today. Dr. Kamuzu Banda, as ruthless as he was, made a significant contribution way from the pre-independence era until his last day in office as President in 1994.

Others include the late Kanyama Chiume, Yatuta and Dunduzu Chisiza, Du Chisiza Jnr, Mkwapatira Mhango, Attati Mpakati, Dick Matenje, Twaibu Sangala, Aaron Gadama and David Chiwanga of the 1983 infamous Mwanza Accident, Chakufwa Chihana, Rose Chibambo, Henry Masauko Chipembere, TDT Banda, Orton Ching’oli Chirwa, Mayinga Mkandawire, Mapopa Chipeta, Ahmed Dassu, Wehnam Nakanga, Collins Chizumila and many others.

A properly instituted and all-inclusive National Heroes Committee would look at the various individuals and decide who should be included as a national hero. The committee could be mandated to look at the welfare of the heroes’ families, especially those that are destitute, among other terms of reference.

A National Heroes Day would then be designated to recognize these heroes. The same National Heroes may not necessarily be recognized every year as the list of heroes may vary from year to year. There may be a specific number of heroes to be recognized during a particular year.

The National Heroes Day in Malawi would be a national public holiday to honour and remember the country’s national heroes; men and women in whose acts of courage enabled Malawi to thrive as a nation.

This would truly be a ‘national commemoration’ and not a ‘Chiradzulu’ affair. Recognizing John Chilembwe alone every year disenfranchises those from other places who feel they have their own heroes who deserve ‘national’ recognition.

“Let us set aside all fear and dread, for these do not befit men and women who are loved. Instead, let us experience the joy of encountering that grace which transforms all things.” –Pope Francis

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25 thoughts on “Malawi needs ‘National Heroes’ Day”

  1. Dan says:

    Thom Chiumia, I agree with you that Chilembwe should be recognised together with other heroes of this nation. We need to stop glorifying him alone as if during the 1915 up rising he was the only one. We should remember that he had other people whom he sent to still guns and him didn’t even go, maybe that was also his weakness, he was afraid. We should also realise that the guy also had personal problems with the White man, a Mr Livingstone (not David), we should also know that the guy was diagnosed with eye cancer & was due to die soon and that might have also attributed to his provocation of whites (just an opinion). We have also learnt that he lost a daughter whom he loved dearly and he thought the presence of the whites in the land had made his ancestors angry hence taking his daughter (Superstitions-Man of God) etc etc, so I believe the reasons for the up-rising were more personal than we think, however I still take him as one of the national heroes but assigning him a special day is absurd. On the other hand Mr Thom Chiumia, I would like to strongly disagree with you on your proposition that Government (In fact we the tax payers) should start taking care of the heroes’ families. The fact that they were freedom fighters does not mean they didn’t have the opportunity to prepare for the future. Remember Mr Chiumia that most of the people we categorise as heroes in Malawi were or still politicians. In this country politicians are the ones who are doing great financially as they have the monopoly of our taxes and businesses when they are in Gov. If they fail to manage their stolen money properly, should we continue to spend on their families after they have gone weak and powerless?

  2. Chief says:

    Are you telling this nation that we need to be responsible for the families of the Chilembwe’s of this world? You mean their families are doing nothing since the Chilembwe’s are no more? some of them were running away/hiding to buy MCP’s Ideas and cards? Let us be serious with national issues to take paces forward.

    1. November Rain says:

      Very wise questions. And can we afford it? Even if we can afford it, is it even necessary that we do this? This proposal is strange.

  3. The Analyst says:

    O…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….O
    Thom, people are writing these songs of praise for your article not because it is praiseworthy, but only because they respect you.
    Otherwise, if this article had been written by some Nyasatimes reporter (as they call themselves, sometimes) or if this idea had come from some politician, people would have told them the truth.

    What most people forget is that truth knows no respect; and that it’s possible to tell each other the truth, respectfully. Now listen coz the truth is what I will tell you . . .

    . . . First, defining a hero/heroine is not as simple a task as it seems.

    . . . Second, not all heroes/heroines (howsoever you define them) are the same. Even if they are the same, they are not equal. But even if they are equal, there are some, who are first among equals – Primus inter Pares.

    . . . Third, the proposal that the families of the heroes/heroines (howeverso defined) should be helped financially; is very regrettable, especially coming from a seemingly patriotic citizen like you. We are talking about national resources here.

    For the same reason that many people have not told you the truth, I will not say much; coz though we are anonymous here, we still respect each other.
    Otherwise, kudos to all commenters who have told Thom the truth and shame on all those who have seen the holes in the article but failed to speak the truth.
    O………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………O

  4. johnM says:

    If the idea of National Heroes day is to glorify politician then I am against the whole idea because this idea that only politicians are heroes is total nonsense. In fact none of the politicians who you listed down are heroes. They were doing what they did for their own selfish reasons with the aim of enriching themselves. In Malawi, there are genuine heroes who sacrifice their wealth and themselves to serve the common man and you never get to hear their names.

    Mr. Thom, of all people, you should know better that Malawian politicians are not heroes. What have they done for the common man?

    Anyway, there are too many holidays in Malawi, we should scrap a good number of them. How can a poor country like Malawi have 13 Public holidays?

  5. Mbereka says:

    I would like to add General Graciano Matewere, General Mancken Chigawa, General Maulana (the late) and General Chimbayo

  6. wo says:

    To be a first female deputy minister does not make one a heroine. I would rather recognise the composer of the national anthem but not for unnecessary public cost.

  7. Chiradzulu Boy says:

    Do not vilify John Chilembwe. Talk of your heroes but do not suggest scraping off Chilembwe. You don’t promote yourself by demoting others. Some people have done so but ended up at the bottom of the ladder. This article is however valid though it has toched raw nerves of MCP, the party of death and darkness. You won’t see them commenting. Koma akuluakulu choipa chimavuta kufufuta eti!

  8. Obaba says:

    Political correctness nonsense…where is Gwanda Chakuamba, John Tembo, Mfunjo Mwanjanjasi Mwakikunga, Mai Dinala, Hilda Manjankhosi…

  9. 2016 welcome says:

    Nonsense ! A country with genuine political heroes or heroines is never a third world country. I was in agreement with a clip that was circulating on social media about someone called Kapolo who was complaining about the commemoration of Chilembwe day!

  10. Hallett Moses Mwangonde says:

    Let us be one nation in practice not to be tribalistic. By the way atumbuka taught u the value of education whereas you taught them value of business. So what is the problem with us – hate but some youths know that we are Malawians no Chewa no Tumbuka no Yawo no Sena just like Israelis there are 12 tribes but do you hear each tribe hating the other? This is why Israel is a great nation that even super powers respect them. If they do it why cannt we?

  11. Mtumbuka says:

    Thom, What makes you think only politicians are heroes?

    At Neno Hospital there was a single nurse for years, and her salary could sometimes take 5 months to reach her.

    There are teachers who used their personal resources in rural areas to help the abandoned students by government……. so to you, you think we should pay children of politicians who never went to school??

    Hilarious…….. enanu you should know that u seem intelligent because you have an opportunity to write your nonsense pa Public forums.

    we have very National important issues to discuss……. not about Superman or James Bond.

  12. Peter Phiri says:

    I rarely comment on many Social issues unless, it is really important. Thanks Mr. Chiumia for your brilliant article, as most of your essays are. Mine is a simple task to add a few names to the list which my compatriots have suggested in the comments section. There are three great names/Nyasa’s who dedicated their services to the struggle of their fellow Malawians who, in my opinion, should also be remembered, but History has some what forgotten them. Elliot Kenan Kamwana. The colonials deported him to the Seychelles in 1908. Yesaya Zerenje Mwase, that fiery character, who could read the Bible in its original Greek and Latin Versions, and a constant thorn to the Colonialists. Charles Chindongo Chinula. His contribution and services to the Nyasaland African Congress was enormous. my compatriots have you ever heard of these Great Malawians?

  13. Zulanga says:

    Just to add the list of great men of our nation local and international levers, like Elliott Kamwana,Kadali, YZ Mwase and many others.

  14. virgo says:

    where are the resources to pay this committee?
    who is going to foot the bill for the heroes day celebrations?
    the disgusting poverty, the failed economy and the visionless leadership shows malawi is not yet free and thus, we do not have the luxury of praising anyone.
    malawi needs a revolutionary day during which people will hold village assemblies to discuss how to emancipate the country.

    1. November Rain says:

      Very patriotic of you. We need such reasoning

  15. Wankulu says:

    People, lets be serious. Instead of coming up with ideas on how best we can make our country move forward, you are busy talking about Heroes. My question is; how is this going to help improve peoples lives? If anything, the way i see it, it will just bring unnecessary expenditures. The government needs to set up a committee to into this, build everybody ‘manda’ and help their relatives. All these things will require money. Why should we include every Jim and Jack as a national hero? you even went further to say that relatives to these heroes should be helped financially, really? Where do we get the money to give these people. Our politicians have all along disappointed us mostly through plunder of our much needed public money, and you are suggesting that we should still give out money to people whose relatives have stolen from us. I know why you are saying this; Its because of Rose Chibambo. I think the government did a great job to put her on the K200.00 note. To me thats enough. Let us concentrate on building our country instead of burdening ourselves with unnecessary issues.

    1. November Rain says:

      Very wise observations.

  16. kukhala says:

    YES LET US EVOLVE THE WAY MALAWI REMEMBERS HEROES

  17. Kuwila Chilambo says:

    On the Heroes list, late Shaibu Itimu should not be forgotten. He too played a great role in the fight for democracy in 1993 as the Chizumira, Nakanga, etc. did.

  18. Wanakabaghe says:

    DR MORTON CHIPIMPHA MUGHOGHO. wakaya wanthu awa mwee not mphazi zinu izii

  19. bongozozo says:

    Brilliant thoughts. I fully support the suggestion. All heroes should be remembered on the national heroes day. Selected men and woman would read out the achievements of all our heroes. Plays depicting defferent characters could also be staged among many activities of the day. This would surely bring back the aura which was previously associated with 3th March. We can still maintain January 15 as a special day in the history of our country.

  20. The Analyst says:

    O……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….O
    When one is doing a 1st Degree or MSc or PhD, they just choose a topic and do an in-depth research/discussion of the same. I therefore choose mine as I quote . . .

    “John Chilembwe is not only a ‘Reverend’ . . . [but also] . . . led the 1951 . . . Uprising leading to his ‘untimely’ death.” – Paragraph 3

    Death akuluakulu is never untimely, whether the word is is in inverted commas or not, or figurative or not.
    If death comes and takes you and you die or are gone; that, is its appointed time. Otherwise, you don’t die. It is as simple as difficult to understand as that.

    In perspective, a man can be run over by a truck carrying subsidised fertiliser, but not die? Or an unborn baby’s devilish mother can try from high heaven to low hell to no avail in trying to abort the baby, i.e. using both modern and traditional medicine. Thus, whether young or old, it wasn’t their time to die.
    Conversely, a full-grown adult can have a head-on collision with a mosquito and die; or just stumbling on some little stone, nkufa. This was his/her time to die.
    …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
    Many people like to find comfort in the word “untimely” when its some young or “important” person’s death yet whether you are wealthy or worthy or poor or young or old; death is never untimely if it comes. Thus, let us stop making this simple-yet-fatal error of the mind; coz it is what it is, an error.

    Death is never untimely. Every death is ever timely howsoever painful.

    All of us individually just have to be ready therefore, whether young or old, coz death shall come timely; now or sooner or later, but timely; timely, timely . . . and never untimely.
    O………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..O

  21. Sychiona says:

    It is indeed good to remember our heroes and heroines. Many Malawians indeed fought for independence and freedom that we enjoy and must be remembered. On the other side of the coin, I think Chilembwe is over credited for what he did. He is a man who run away without completing his work, he was not diplomatic, did not prepare well for his mission no wonder the uprising did not last long. Just imagine, how long is it from 1915 to 1964. He made impact but i feel that the praise is too much and therefore I support those who say he should be celebrated together with the other heroes, not given his own separate day. I think the weaknesses of Chilembwe’s uprising is not discussed.

  22. B MATSAUTSO says:

    Ameneyo ndiye mtumbuka cifukwa cakumwalira kwa rose cibambo atumbuka atokotatu panyasaland.
    Tazikhalani duu nthawi zina.

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