A new national consciousness: Agenda for the next 50 years for Malawi

We are winding down a year that marked two key milestones in our nation’s autobiography. We marked fifty years of independence, and we also marked twenty years of multiparty democracy and the end of one-party dictatorship. As we embark on another fifty years of national independence and another twenty of multiparty democracy, I want to ask a question: Do we as Malawians have a sense of national consciousness? A sense of Malawi being bigger and more important than our individual selves and interests?

Malawi President Prof Peter Mutharika lights a torch to mark 50 years of Independence. Pic MANA

Malawi President Prof Peter Mutharika lights a torch to mark 50 years of Independence. Pic MANA

Having a national consciousness is about putting one’s country above one’s personal, clan, ethnic, class, political and other self-serving interests. A national consciousness gives one hope in something greater than oneself. It grounds one’s optimism and protects a society from hopelessness, pessimism and paralysing negativity. But national consciousness does not originate itself. It has to be cultivated and nourished. And it has to be taught to the younger generation so they can nurture it further and carry it into the future.

The national heroes who fought for independence fifty years ago had a national consciousness that they held above personal and other narrow interests. They sacrificed their lives because they believed in something that was greater than them. They espoused a national, indeed Pan-African, cause for which they were prepared to die. And many indeed died. Kanyama Chiume, Henry Masauko Chipembere and others wrote autobiographies and other accounts that have taught us what sacrifices they made and what it took to achieve independence and nationhood. Their lessons still resonate today, if not more so.

So did the heroes who fought for multiparty democracy twenty years ago. They knew how dangerous it was to contradict the then Life President, Ngwazi Dr. H. Kamuzu Banda, and the almighty Malawi Congress Party. Some had been killed before, and others had been imprisoned indefinitely. Others had left the comfort of home and had gone into exile. Others simply disappeared and were never heard from again. Yet these heroes bravely espoused a national cause to liberate the country from one-party tyranny. Today, all that is being gradually eroded. That history is being methodically sanitised and purposefully forgotten.

Something seems to have happened to our national consciousness. As Taweni Gondwe Xaba once observed in an online conversation, today Malawians have a very low sense of “national allegiance.” Personal, ethnic, class and political interests have taken over what was once an allegiance to the nation. When a society loses its sense of national consciousness, national amnesia, blind frustration and paralytic pessimism come in and occupy the vacuum. There are Malawians for whom the idea of a national consciousness does not exit. Bola zawo zikuyenda basi.

That is the stage Malawi is at today. There are hardly any national figures to look up to for optimism and inspiration. The few Malawians who still embrace national consciousness have the odds stacked against them in a society whose moral relativism favours personal aggrandisement or ethnic chauvinism. Instead, we have supposedly respectable people proudly boasting about knowing national secrets that are destroying the nation. But they choose to keep those secrets to themselves so as to protect individuals, at the expense of national progress.

We have people who have inside information about murders, massive theft and plunder, and other heinous crimes against the nation. But they choose to keep quiet. They hold their personal interests and narcistic considerations above the national interest. They have no sense of national consciousness. They selfishly hold themselves to be bigger than Malawi. They do not wish the country well. They are content to see mothers and fathers forever mourning their murdered children while the killers roam the streets as free people. They are content to see the country continue haemorrhaging economically, yet they have the knowledge of who stole what and how they did it. And that plunder still goes on today.

We have Malawians so beholden to the saintly image of their leader they are loath to any suspicions of impropriety by the leaders, even in the face of evidence. They comfort themselves in a false sense of righteousness and refuse to accept that their heroes are plundering the nation and need to be held to account. When you reach that stage where you defend your leader to the extent of absurdity, know that you have lost your sense of national allegiance. The same goes for ethnic, political, class and other types of unexamined allegiances.

But all is not lost. The two milestones we marked this year give us pause to reflect on how to change things and imagine a new Malawi. As Levi Kabwato is fond of reminding us, quoting Frantz Fanon, “Each generation must, out of relative obscurity, discover its mission, fulfill it, or betray it.” And we have the intellectual and ideological tools to do this. Our leading thinkers and philosophers have pointed the way. We still have Malawians we can look up to.

We must start with cultivating a culture of uMunthu, upon which our ancestors built their societies. As the psychologist Chiwoza Bandawe points out in his book Practical uMunthu Psychology: An indigenous approach to harmonious living, “to lose uMunthu is to lose our history and identity as people.” Which means, in paraphrase, to regain our uMunthu is to regain our history and identity as a people. That is the beginning point for the rebirth of a new Malawian national consciousness. Let us make this uMunthu-based national consciousness our mission to fulfil for the next fifty years.

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fathi slshehaab

one malawi one agenda nomore asking for tribe etc on any dicument plz..get rid of Ruling party sydrome cos imawoneka ngati ndiwo azinganiza zopanga the rest of malawians obey follow & pick the leftovers from the ruling psrty buffet….
am impressed with umunthu ideology sounds like the Isrisrailites journey to Canaan…yeah lets go! panopa tili mchipululu or mthengo njala…matenda etc

fathi slshehaab

Yes we should ush the Agenda of Makawi….osanafusananso mtundu oa ma statement aky police fir petty reports if kubedwa fone ir ture or nkhuku why!…

mapwala ndi nyini za mwanamulanje

Dr. What u have written is very true!!!!!! It baffles me to see people poor as they are but still support thieves to get into positions of power!!!!! Malawi a country of dogs!!!!!!!!


Unfortunately Malawi lacks leaders with vision, charisma,wisdom, intelligence and national consciousness/patriotism be they traditional,civil,political or religious leaders etc.
Most of our leaders are indeed selfish,corrupt,hypocrites and shortsighted.No wonder instead of being patriachal and patriotic towards national good they either work for the good of their pockets,family members,organisations or tribesmen.
Maybe they will one day change,view the bigger picture and start to work for the good of the entire Malawi nation

Harris Batson

kaya ozivelayo mudango kula opanda zelu

Kika Kanawe

Thumbs up for the writer of this story!But umunthu and being literate or being iliterarate are two different things all together.One can be uneducated and have umunthu in him. While others are educated but they have a deficiency of umunthu

The Patriot

Either we change or self destruct! Lets go back to when the Nation came first, and tribe or district of origin comes second! Together we can make Malawi a better place! Andale amabwela ndikupita but Malawi will remain Malawi!

Mutu Umodzi

Munavotela agalu awa nokha, musalire. These are fruits of your labour. Musovenge!


Kodi mumakamba zobela ma sankho koma mumalephele kufotokoza kuti anabela bwanji nanga ndi dela liti nanga ngati dpp inabela nanga mcp inakhala bwanji number 2 kuti pali umboni wanji oti mavoti obeledwa anapita ku dpp osati ku mcp kapenana pp. Munayamba mwamva kuti chipani chosusa chabela mavoti kuti , chabwino ngati mwabeledwa muli ndi mphavu mungayendese boma ,simusebesanso 20billion ina ndinu anthu ogona kwa mbiri, inu a mcp munatenga runningmate ku north kuma dpp imakhala number 2 ndiye mungawene? Ngati mukulephela kuwina kwa runningmate wako ufuna mavoti agwe kuchoka kumwamba?


Amalawi ndife Odala kwambiri to have people like this writer. This is a very calm,sober and eye openning advice to all well meaning Malawian. A big up to you brother and continue doing this. Mwina nkusinthika.

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