Malawi cashgate scandal reaches South Africa

The Malawian authorities are investigating the Malawi Defence Force’s (MDF) payment of a whopping 1.9-billion kwacha (R60-million) to a South African company that allegedly provided nothing in return – and shifted half the money to its bank account in South Africa.

Odillo (right) facing charges

Odillo (right) facing charges

This follows the arrest of the former defence force commander, General Henry Odillo, and his deputy, Lieutenant Colonel Clement Kafuwa, in Lilongwe last month, allegedly for authorising the payment.

The arrests are part of an intensifying crackdown by President Peter Mutharika’s government in connection with the Cashgate scandal, apparently in a bid to win back the confidence of donors, who have suspended aid to Malawi.

At least $30-million was looted from state coffers during Cashgate, mainly in 2013.

Odillo is alleged to have signed cheques in favour of the South African-registered Thuso Group for the supply of 5000 rounds of blank 88mm ammunition in 2013.

Ammo paid for, but not delivered
But it was allegedly never delivered, and more than double the market price was paid for it, according to British-based auditors Baker Tilley.

A forensic investigation also found that Odillo asked the former auditor general, David Kandoje, for the “externalisation” of R30-million to Thuso’s Standard Bank account in South Africa.

The deputy director of Malawi’s Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB), Reyneck Matemba, told amaBhungane last week that Odillo and Kafuwa, who are out on bail, face charges of abuse of office, negligence by public officers in preserving money or other property, and money laundering.

“We arrested him [Odillo] because he was the one who signed all the cheques to the Thuso Group to supply the MDF with military equipment that was not delivered. Both Odillo and Kafuwa have yet to plead because investigations are still under way,” Matemba said.

A Standard Bank South Africa official, Kate Johns, said the bank was aware of the R30-million deposit into one of its accounts, but would not add anything more.

“We have had similar queries regarding the said amount of money before. I’m sorry we can’t comment on that,” Johns said.

“Malawi government getting it wrong”
In a phone interview this week, the Thuso director, Alexander Banda, said he was aware that the Malawian authorities were probing his company in connection with the payment, but he would not comment until the issue had been thoroughly investigated.

“What I can tell you is that the amount in question is not in connection with Cashgate. I can’t tell you exactly where it came from, but the Malawi government is getting it wrong on this issue.

“I would ask you to wait until the ACB conclude their investigations and thereafter we can meet and I will tell you details,” he said.

Thuso, based in Sandton, is a diverse group offering construction, exhibition, logistical and event services. On its website, it does not describe itself as a defence contractor.

The Baker Tilley report names a former MDF lieutenant colonel, Nelson Kauwa, as a co-director of Thuso.

According to the auditors’ second audit report on Cashgate, Thuso initially received MK920-million (R28-million) for the blank ammunition.

“No evidence to show the 5 000 rounds were delivered could be provided by the MDF and a price comparison exercise found the unit prices to be inflated by at least 2.33 times the average market price of the goods,” the report says.

Senior MDF officials signed off cheques
It adds that, during auditing fieldwork at the defence force, “paperwork showed a further payment of ZAR30-million (equivalent to MK1 001 028 000) was made on August 28 2013 to Thuso’s Standard Bank account in South Africa and, similarly, no evidence of the supply or delivery of the goods for this payment could be provided by the MDF.

The two cheques totalling MK920-million were both signed by General Henry Odillo, Richard Chidzungu and Harry Chawinga, while the request for the externalisation of the R30-million, sent on August 21 2013, was signed by Odillo and Chawinga,” the report says.

AmaBhungane has not been able to establish the full identity of Chidzungu and Chawinga.

The files provided by the MDF, the report says, contained no legal correspondence that indicated that advice had been sought to assist in reclaiming the amounts paid to Thuso, or that any action had been taken to prohibit the group acting as a supplier to the Malawi government in the future.

It also said, after the disbursement of the MK920-million, MK480-million was paid to a company called IPS, owned by one of the principal Cashgate suspects, Oswald Lutepo.

“Similarly, no evidence of goods, services or works being supplied in return for this payment could be provided and the majority of the funds were withdrawn in cash once deposited into IPS,” the report says.

Lutepo, a former senior official of former president Joyce Banda’s People’s Party, has been charged with theft and money laundering.

Several charged and arrested
Last week, the ACB also arrested Ganizani Sionga Kuchombo in relation to the defence force payments to the Thuso Group.

ACB spokesperson Egrita Ndala said Kuchombo, a vice-consul at the Malawian consulate in Johannesburg, was arrested after the bureau established that part of the money paid to the Thuso Group was transferred to his bank accounts in Malawi and South Africa.

Kuchombo was charged last Friday with one count of money laundering and is currently out on bail. AmaBhungane tried to contact him at the consulate this week, but was told he was not in the office.

Thuso’s Banda said he was surprised that the agency had linked Kuchombo’s arrest to his company.

The Cashgate scandal, involving the fraudulent payment of billions of kwacha in government funds to private contractors for goods and services that were never delivered, came to light in September 2013.

It followed an assassination attempt on Malawi’s then budget director, Paul Mphwiyo, who said he believed he had been targeted because he planned to reveal the names of government officials who had put him under pressure to authorise irregular payments.

Joyce Banda’s justice minister, Ralph Kasambara, has been charged with the attempted murder of Mphwiyo. But Mphwiyo and his wife, Thandi, were later charged with theft and money laundering linked to Cashgate.

Donors suspend aid after Cashgate scandal 
A month after the scandal broke, most of Malawi’s donors announced that they were suspending aid until the investigation into the scandal was completed.

Donors, including the European Union, contribute 40% of the national budget of Malawi, one of the world’s poorest countries.

More than 70 people, including civil servants, politicians and business owners, have now been arrested and charged in connection with the scandal.

More than 30 private bank accounts have been frozen and properties suspected of being acquired with stolen money seized.

Five people are serving jail sentences in connection with Cashgate, including the former principal secretary in the ministry of tourism, Treza Namathanga Senzani, and Victor Sithole, former accounts assistant in the ministry of energy, mining and natural resources.

Senzani who is serving a three-year jail term, pleaded guilty to charges of stealing MK65265750 and money laundering, and Sithole, convicted of stealing more than MK28717000, is serving nine years in jail.

  • Mail and Guardian  Centre for Investigative Journalism (amaBhungane) produced this story. Lameck Masina of Nyasa Times and VOA is on training at amaBhungane.
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30 thoughts on “Malawi cashgate scandal reaches South Africa”

  1. Winston Msowoya says:

    I must apologise for leaving out the name of Orton Chingo’li Chirwa Founder and First President of the Malawi Congress Party being among our heroes.We can destroy an effigy,but we can not erase history.

  2. Winston Msowoya says:

    In time of liberation struggle of Southern Africa,Hastings Banda hobnobbed with the imperialists and colonialists.This egregious policy,made Malawians the BLACK SHEEP of Africa consequently,the broad masses of Malawian citizens in foreign lands,changed their nationality and chose to be known as Tanzanians and Zambians to avoid being called imperialist lackeys.With what is going on in our country to day,we fail to be proud of our beloved mother Malawi.The unlimited scandals involving massive public funds by the leaders who were entrusted by the voters,Malawians are in limelight again,this time as the POLITICAL LEPERS Of AFRICA and LOUGHING STOCK OF THE WORLD.Malawians,not only we shame ourselves,but also the spirits of our authentic leaders such as Masauko Chipembere,Yatuta Chisiza,Dunduzu Chisiza,Kanyama Chiume,Augustin Bwanausi,Wiily Chokani,Rose Chibambo, Levi Mumbai and above all ,John Chilembwe.These people laid down their precious lives for us to leave in peace and prosiparity.Where is that peace and prosiparity? We all fought for our freedom and independence why now other citizens are hated and sidelined? Malawians,ethnic conflict is by far worse than wild fire if you don’t realize that fact and Malawi belongs to us all regardless of ethnicity.We better learn from our brothers in Rwanda,we are not Angels.ALUTA CONTINUA,VENCEREMOS.

  3. zaccaria phiri says:

    Poti sitima imaphweka akamayendetsa wina. Wabwino ali kuti? Paja munkati mama Jo ndiye mbava yaikulu nanga mphongo ikutilamulira leroyi si zomwezonso?DPP woyee! K92billion woyee!shasha aoneka.

  4. Rat says:

    The court judges must be proscuted bcz they are un able to do their jo.ndi zimbavanso za khotizi.arrest PETER

  5. Jk says:

    Imposible nation

  6. Ozisata says:

    iwe No 14 Onondaga Malawi! The one who has bought the house in Chitedze is major Richard Chidzungu , the signatory on Thuso cheques. He was chief salaries officer at MDF…..HE is reasonably rich!!!

  7. MMALAWI says:

    Ana a njoka amenewa asatikoloweke ndi 10 month of audit. Civil servant kungokhala ngati sanapite ku xul. Ndalama kumangoba nkumati boma lilibe ndalama! Zilombo zakupha inu. Mwaphetsa amalawi ambiri chifukwa chosowa mankhwala mzipatala. Inu amakhoti, anthu amenewa ali ndi milandu yakupha.

  8. Andy Ndaonazino says:

    From now on I will be calling myself a Zambian. I feel really ashamed to call me a Malawian-

  9. Chimani. Game says:

    What about the big thief peter muthalika.arrest him as well

  10. ndagoma ndidziko says:

    In the Kamuzu days people in positions were so scared that they did not steal. What he used to do is send them to commercial bank to get a farming loan. And on this farm they were told to grow maize as well as tobacco. In that way they were commercial farmers as well as ensuring food security. Not what ia happening in this ao called democracy. In malawi democracy means a right to steal . How sad. What a catastrophe

  11. Limbani says:

    MDF is having difficulties to recruits young citizens,leaving large number of unemployements youth due to mismanagement of funds.ACB has to act in favour of justice.

  12. Jk says:

    My people shall perish because lack of leadership , greedy and what ever you call it malawi imposible

  13. mtima wa nyani says:

    timadabwatu ife cinyumba comanga 2 wks ku kasungu, nde atampita ku bliteni -uk kuja koma nde kunali kunenepea kunona ce odilo wo,
    ce kafuwa ma tlaki kugula cash koma ku US KU HOLIDAY NYUMBA YONSE EEEEE, KOMA NDE KUTIKAWA

  14. People says:

    Our country is never the same God Have Mercy. Kamuzu please wake from your grave and save us

  15. straight Talk says:

    Malawi is very disorganised. Corruption and thiefty is rampant by every body who does not have Gods spirit. President, ministers, civil servants and parastetals is rotten. Now its spreading to NGO. Top officials have potrayed very bad picture to the general public. People who r trusted to instal displine president, cabinet, judicial, police name it is all rotten and everybody is busy enriching himself while the masses r suffering. The so called democratic parties have no principles. Its time a Malawi anzanga to change government from these crooks of descendants of UDF back to MCP and see what it can offer to us. our voting pattern of wakumwera will not take us anywhere.

  16. Okonda Dziko La Malawi says:

    I live in Chitedze close where a former Army Officer (Retired Colonel Chimkombelo) also stay. Is this Chidzungu the same one who has bought a new house here. Anyway may be he is a different Chidzungu as this is a common name in Malawi. If he is the one please ACB come here and investigate may be this is house that was bought using stolen Money. Unfortunately i do not know the original owner of the house

  17. Howard Kachipanda says:

    Ine nkhani ya Cashgate yanditopetsa bwanji. Onse anabawa asiyeni musawazengenso milandu. Chilungamo chasowa pa Malawi. Izi ingomusiirani Mulungu adzaweruze ndi Iye.

  18. cheyo the real northerner says:

    Oddilo, JB thieves. God is watching and will punish you severe. You will never have peace in your minds. Getting rich through dubious means.

  19. chinena says:

    Mbowe Mulambia, Therezina Namathanga Senzani is Anna Namathanga Kachiko’s daughter and not sister!

  20. mtumbuka1 says:

    The problem is that this country is loaded with crooks everyone in the government has been or is stealing and the difference is just that some are caught while some are not. Udf started all this bullshit, during kamuzu’s mcp there was no such thing you are caught helping yourself in government till he would send you to prison with no buts or let me explains. We just need a sort of a dictator preferably a tumbuka to restore discipline,law and order in this country. Lawyers are now everywhere to diffend political thives while a poor guy in the village is locked up for stealing a Mere chicken.

  21. Kennedy says:

    How shall we be cheated? There are intellegent students failing to get scholaship and source of income yet the people who we call leader are robbing and looting tax payers money. Who will help us in malawi? Peter is also busy lying on podium, he even lied that he has 8billion kwacha, in fact he wanted to steal more shame malawi shame. Please Lord remove these weaked watchdogs.

  22. half trillion says:

    country of fools. everybody else on earth is doing better than us financially yet we are still stealing. kodi yehova mulipodi? please god, thanani nawo afitiwa one by one, i beg you.

  23. Dandire wa Dandire says:

    We have mbutumas from South and central that votes out of tribalism instead of looking at policies.There is no way Malawi will advance in any way.It will remain backward as ever.What happened to thief Muluzi and other thieves?Nothing,only surrounded by immoral lawyers who earn a living out of these thieves while their country is sinking down each and every time.It looks like Malawi is cursed.This is a self made poverty.No one has ever sentenced for life for stealing huge sums.The Asian tigers changed because of applying death sentences to the greedy people who needed riches in a short cut way.

  24. Namanthanga sister to Anna Kachiko

  25. Stanley says:

    I pity Odillo because Thuso cheated him,in fact Thuso was afraid to enter Malawi .

  26. Zulu says:

    Don’t worry be happy ladies and gentlemen. Tabeledwa kokwanira tazolowera izi.

  27. Blue Ice says:

    Namathanga chifukwa chani anapatsidwa 3 years only ndalama zonse anabazo? Kukongola kapena?

  28. Alufeyo you must be mad. How can you say R30 million is nothing. We need any penny that has been looted by both PP and DPP officials including other government officials.

    They are thieves and hence must be prosecuted. So, you must not show your stupidity on this social network.

  29. Alufeyo says:

    What a poor country. USD30 million is nothing really. It just shows that we have been useless as a nation since independence. Asians of British origin are externalising more than this but the British Ambassador will never utter a word. Let us move on from this scandal otherwise it will firther drag us down.

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