Malawi mining and mineral processing plants are casting a blind eye to workers’ safety; and, thus contravening local and international safety codes on extraction and processing of the country’s natural resources, Nyasa Times has established.
Visits to several mines and processing plants revealed the severity of the situation a horde of labourers have to go through in the course of their work.
At one chicken feed mineral processing plant in the capital Lilongwe 45 year-old, Siyani Lambulira, said he lost his finger and only got K15 000 as compensation.
The father of six said he now struggles to make ends meet without a job yet the company owners continue reaping huge profits and do not care about worker safety.
Underground mining operations around the world pose similar risks to worker safety and health.
Though different techniques are used to extract base metals, precious metals, non-metallic minerals, diamonds and coal, the hazards do not verily differ.
The deeper the mine, however, the greater the risk in the areas we visited such as Balaka, Blantyre, Phalombe and Mangochi where workers were working under difficult and dangerous environments.
Ministry of Labour publicist, Christina Mkutumula, said the Ministry’s officials frequently check on the safety standards for workers in various companies.
“Ideally, we are supposed to inspect every workplace even twice every year. However, due to financial and mobility challenges, we are unable to achieve this.
“For minor noncompliance we issue an ‘improvement notice’, for serious noncompliance we issue a ‘prohibition notice’ which is equivalent to temporary closure of the company until the noncompliance is addressed,” she said.
But on the ground it’s a different picture.
The situation in the sampled districts is against International Labour Organizations (ILO) code of practice on Safety and health in opencast mines , a written code which reflects the many changes in the industry, its workforce, the roles of the competent authorities, employers, workers and their organizations, and the development of new ILO instruments on occupational safety and health (OSH) which includes Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No. 176).
The mining owners were also seen to be exposing workers to excess danger which again is against the revised mining code which is based on the principles of the Convention, including risk assessment, addresses issues such as the interaction between large-scale and small-scale artisanal miners and also comprises a section on automated machinery, a development that has great potential to change the work carried out by nearly all workers in opencast mines worldwide.
During the visits, some workers were found literally working under dangerous running machines with no head gear.
Human Rights Consultative Committee (HRCC) member Robert Mkwezalamba has since condemned the owners for exposing Malawians to excess danger.
Mkwezalamba said the problem is that owners mind profits and not safety of workers.
He said the required protective clothing may include rain gear , head gear, high-visibility jackets and overalls, flash-rated, all-cotton coveralls and clothing with reflective stripes such as those worn by bikers and runners.
Mkwezalamba said hearing protection mine blasting and excessive noise generated by diesel-powered equipment can cause lasting damage to miners’ hearing, among others.Follow and Subscribe Nyasa TV :